The anterior temporal lobectomy is a neurosurgical operation designed to treat patients with severe temporal lobe seizures. One of the largest series of such operations was undertaken at the Maudsley Hospital by a team led by Murray Falconer. While the results of the Maudsley study have been published piecemeal over the years, a complete assessment has not been possible until now, and at times the value of the operation has been questioned. This book provides the first in-depth examination of the Maudsley Hospital program. In addition to investigating the results of the operations, it presents a new classification of the pathological abnormalities found in temporal lobe surgery, and gives an unbiased assessment of the technique’s successes and failures, along with a guide to the future selection of patients.